Shipping containers come in a range of sizes. View container dimension specifications: http://www.icecargo.com.au/container-specifications.php
When supplies of shipping containers are delayed or running low due to the late return of containers, the entire international cargo supply chain can be impacted. To deter the late return of containers, detention charges are imposed by the shipping lines for containers not returned to the designated location within the allowed 'free time' period. 'Free time periods vary amongst shipping lines but generally range from seven to ten calendar days (including public holidays and weekends) depending on the type of container used.
The 'free time' period commences from the first day the container is made available on the wharf – not when the importers collect the container. Any time a container spends delayed in border processing (customs and quarantine) is still considered to be part of the 'free time' period.
Most imported goods are subject to Australian Customs duties and 10% goods service tax. There are many different regulations and sometimes complex duty rates applicable to imported cargo. See http://www.icecargo.com.au/customs-quarantine-clearance.php for more information or talk to our customs team on 1300 CARGO1 for advice specific to your situation.
Goods and services tax (GST) is payable on most goods imported into Australia. GST on a taxable importation is payable by businesses, organisations and private individuals, whether they are registered for GST or not. However, if you are a GST-registered business or organisation and you import goods as part of your activities, you may be able to claim a GST credit for any GST you pay on those goods. The GST payable is 10% of the value of the taxable importation. Visit http://www.ato.gov.au/GST/ for more information.
Yes, the Australian Taxation Office operates a deferred GST (DGST) scheme that allows importers to defer payment on all taxable importations into Australia. This scheme doesn't impact on Customs duty, which must be paid at the time of importation.
Eligibility for this scheme is dependent on the following factors:
A range of documents are required for Customs clearance, dependant on factors such as the type of cargo and the country of origin. Standard importing or exporting generally requires a commercial invoice, quarantine packing declaration, packing list, Bill of Lading and an insurance certificate – depending on your Incoterms.
Visit http://www.icecargo.com.au/customs-quarantine-clearance.php to access the forms required or call our Customs team on 1300 CARGO1 (1300 227 461) for advice.
Under Wine Australia Corporation Regulations, all wine shipments of 100 litres or more require export approval, regardless of the number of consignees to which the shipment is addressed. The export approval process includes the following steps:
Visit Wine Australia for more information about the process. Read http://icecargo.blogspot.com.au/2014/03/chinas-growing-wine-appreciation-offers.html for advice regarding other aspects to be considered.
A well-thought out export strategy is an essential part of your business plan. It will help you to define your export objectives and allow you to match your resources to meeting those objectives. It's crucial to analyse your reasons for wanting to enter overseas markets; these key questions will help you to look clearly at your aims:
Recognising the key factors behind the decision to begin exporting is essential. Create a list of these factors, involving staff and stake-holders in the process and then reduce the list to around five factors. Build your strategy around them and be prepared to revisit this process down the track.
Moving into exporting can be very rewarding financially but success is contingent on a number of factors.
The most important thing is to plan plan plan!
The most common reason for importing is for resale, with profit as the ultimate goal. It's essential that you accurately calculate the landed cost of your cargo, i.e. how much it will cost to have the goods delivered to your warehouse, before placing an order. A product that is incredibly cheap for you to purchase from an overseas supplier may not turn out to be so cheap once on-costs are added on (e.g. Freight, insurance, import duty, GST, bank charges, interest etc.) You also need to be sure that a market for your product exists in Australia.
The most important step you can take is to seek professional advice from your customs broker, or freight forwarder, or the Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
The Commerce (Trade Descriptions) Act 1905 (CTDA) and the Commerce (Imports) Regulations 1940 (the Regulations) set out the requirements for labelling of goods imported into Australia. The importation of certain goods is prohibited if they aren't correctly labelled with the required trade description. Not all goods require labelling under the Act or Regulations so it's important to identify the exact requirements for your goods. Find out more with the following resources:
Australia exercises strict biosecurity measures designed to protect plant and animal health that may impact on the importation of machinery. Any machinery imported must be free from contamination such as seeds, soil, plant and animal materials. The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources has the power to export contaminated machinery from Australia at the importer's or owner's expense. Used imported machinery generally requires an import permit issued by DAWR. Find out more here: BICON
Importing a vehicle into Australia is a relatively simple process, provided you follow the required steps. Not following the necessary steps can turn it into a costly and time-consuming exercise. Find out more: Importing road vehicles into Australia
Packing requirements vary greatly and will ultimately depend on the cargo being shipped. Underestimating the importance of packing can result in cargo damage, loss and costly insurance claims.
The basic principle of packaging is known as the 'unit load' or 'unitisation' and is based on the idea that cargo should be packaged so as to enable its movement and handling entirely by mechanical equipment, such as lifts and cranes, throughout the distribution network. The resultant labour and time savings often result in cost reductions for the exporter.
Things to consider include the type of carrier you will be using: truck? Ship? Potential hazards the cargo may encounter: the type of storage, loading and unloading facilities, route etc.; and cost factors: minimise transportation costs by using lightweight, non-bulky packing materials when possible.
Australia has strict quarantine rules and regulations. Before importing goods into Australia it is important to be aware of how these rules may affect your cargo. The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources is the best source of information regarding quarantine regulation; view their website: http://www.agriculture.gov.au/. The basic do's and don'ts of quarantine and importing are as follows:
Incoterms are international rules that are accepted by governments, legal authorities and practitioners worldwide for the interpretation of the most commonly used terms in international trade. They either reduce or remove altogether uncertainties arising from differing interpretations of such terms in different countries.
For a full list of the terms and what they mean see our Incoterms page.